If you are reading this, you are most likely seeking help with orthodontic treatment and straightening your smile. There is nothing wrong with it because everybody deserves to smile with confidence, and if there is a problem with their teeth, it should be addressed.
Just like you, many people face problems like misalignment, protruding teeth, or spacing issues. But, thanks to orthodontic treatment, people can get straight and beautiful smiles back. Let’s dive into the details of orthodontic problems, their causes, and treatment.
Common Orthodontic Problems
Orthodontic problems, also known as malocclusions, mean imperfect positioning of your teeth when the jaw is closed. Several types of orthodontic problems exist and all require different treatments at different times. If you are unsure about your situation, book an appointment with Putney Dental Care, where you can find the best orthodontists in Sydney.
While you book an appointment with a dentist, here are some of the most common issues to help you identify your problem.
Crowding – This occurs when teeth overlap with each other and have to fight for space, resulting in crooked teeth.
Spacing – Spacing is the opposite of crowding and occurs when teeth can’t fill the amount of space available, leaving significant gaps between teeth.
Protrusion – Protrusion occurs when top front teeth project out more than usual. This leaves a big gap between the top and bottom teeth on the front.
Reverse Bite – This is the opposite of protrusion and occurs when the bottom front teeth sit out more than normal. A person with a reverse bite will have his bottom teeth in front of the top teeth when he bites. This is also known as under-bite or lower jaw protrusion.
Apart from these, a few less common problems are open bite, cross-jet, and deep-bite. If not treated at the right time, the malocclusions can lead to diseases of the gum, also called periodontal diseases.
When Should You Get Orthodontic Treatment?
If you have young children, it is recommended that you get them screened at age seven or eight, so an orthodontist can make a diagnosis of one of the above-stated problems in the early stage, where they are relatively easier to treat.
If a minor issue is diagnosed, the doctor might tell you to wait for treatment until they are older. However, if the problem is severe and can have serious consequences, it might require immediate action. In any case, a professional orthodontist can and will guide you best.
If you are an adult and have tooth pain, tooth wear, gum wear, or any other teeth-related issues, don’t feel shy and hold it in. Instead, consider getting orthodontic treatment because early intervention will save you from later troubles. The misconception that orthodontic treatment is only reserved for children is bygone. Some orthodontists today tend exclusively to adult patients!
What Causes Orthodontic Problems Or Malocclusions?
Teeth problems are either inherited or acquired. This might come as a surprise, but malocclusions can actually be received from your parents. For example, if you inherit small jaws from your mother and large teeth from your father, your teeth could be misaligned.
Acquired malocclusions are mainly caused by accidents and prolonged thumb or pacifier sucking habits. Other reasons include serious medical issues, such as airway obstruction by tonsils, dental diseases, or premature loss of baby teeth.
Whether they are inherited or acquired, malocclusions harm the alignment of the teeth and affect facial development and appearance.
How Are Orthodontic Problems Treated?
Treating orthodontic problems requires the teeth to be moved into proper alignment by placing constant gentle forces in a controlled manner with an orthodontic appliance with braces and retainers being the most popular choices.
Traditionally, metal braces have always been applied to the front of the teeth. But newer options, called Lingual, can be attached to the back of the teeth as well.
Retainers or orthodontic aligners (often referred to as Invisalign) are another way to move crooked teeth into alignment. These aligners are actually a series of computer-generated clear plastic trays that are worn in sequence gradually.
In some cases, a combination of treatment methods could be used for your treatment depending on the condition and what the doctor prescribes.
Finally, if you are wondering why it is necessary to get orthodontic treatment, understand that straight and perfectly aligned teeth allow you to eat and speak more effectively and give you the smile you have always dreamed of! When you are in professional and social settings, the confidence that a perfect smile adds to your mannerisms can be super important!